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20. Administrative expenses

Administrative expenses, by type1 January – 31 December 20141 January – 31 December 2013
Consumption of materials and energy 36,708 44,763
External services 233,534 202,192
Taxes and charges 51,335 37,137
Employee expenses 775,232 715,242
Depreciation of property, plant and equipment 50,869 44,223
Amortization of intangible assets 38,365 33,819
Remuneration of people handling group insurance with companies 209,376 208,165
Other (by type), including: 132,280 120,939
- advertisement 88,941 77,633
- other 43,339 43,306
Total administrative expenses 1,527,699 1,406,480

Administrative expenses also include costs of insurance activity, not classified as acquisition expenses, related to premium collection, management of the portfolio of insurance contracts, reinsurance contracts and other related to the operations of the insurance companies of PZU Group as specified in their By-laws.